Climate change adaptation strategies to control energy consumption of buildings according to utilizing external infiltration in humid climates, case study: Gorgan City

Document Type : Original Article


1 MA Student, Architecture Department, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran


Meteorological parameters are the basis for building energy-saving design and operation of mechanical and air conditioning systems. In recent decades, meteorological and climatic elements have undergone major changes and the planning of energy management in buildings must be influenced by new and changed climate data. Given the ever-increasing need of people for housing and the increased use of fossil fuels, the need for affordable housing and environmental comfort are important and the use of inactive design methods is the cheapest solutions to reach Low-energy buildings. This study is aimed at understanding the natural ventilation potential in Gorgan for providing residential complex cooling. Solutions for using natural ventilation in the design of a residential complex include a terrace, void, direct ventilation for the corridors, cross ventilation, and how to arrange the units to get the most suitable ventilation. In order to control the effect of the solutions, the energy consumption during the warm period of the year was simulated in the form of an applied project. In this research, a model with mechanical ventilation and 4 patterns of 22 modes were designed using natural ventilation and compared with each other in terms of energy consumption. The results showed that the only building with significant energy savings is that it has a great influence on the air through the intermediate spaces of the floor units, and as the external and internal barriers reduce air guidance, the energy consumption also decreases.


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