Study the Effect of Climate Change on the Usability Factor of the Present Runway of Zahedan Airport by FAA Method

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Geography, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of geography, Islamic Azad university, Ahwaz branch, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


In this paper, by using the sixteen directions Polar graph-Wind Roses, was calculated the usability factor of the present runway of Zahedan Airport (runway 17-35) in two statistical periods 1991-2017 and 2020-2050 and taking into account the permissible Crosswind (13 knots per hour) by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) method. In this regard, using the SDSM software and CanESM2 model based on three scenarios RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, the wind speed and direction of the Zahedan station were studied to 2050. And using the WRPLOT software, for these statistical periods were drawn sixteen directions daily Wind Roses. The results show that the usability factor of the present runway of Zahedan Airport in the statistical period 1991-2017 equal to 95/02%. Forecasts to 2050 show that the usability factor of the present runway of this airport in the two scenarios of RCP2.6 and RCP4.5 has increased by 2.99% and 3.01% respectively, and reaches to more than 98/01%. While this usability factor decreased by 1.8% at RCP8.5 and equal to 93.22%, which is lower than the minimum runway usability factor (95%). Therefore based on the scenario RCP8.5 in Zahedan Airport need to build another runway along the second prevailing wind direction at this scenario (135 degree) to provide the minimum of usability factor of the runway (95%).


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