دکترای حقوق عمومی، استادیار گروه حقوق و الهیات، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
International environmental law is one of the new branches of international law that created after the international community felt threatened by climate change and among codification numerous international treaties it quickly stabilized itself over other international law.
In this article, we first briefly analyze the most important international agreements related to climate change, as well as the most important legal measures in the Iranian legal system to protect the environment and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
In the next step, the obligations of different countries about climate change are studied and the obligations of various internal institutions are analyzed and in the last stage, the gaps and deficiency of these obligations in international law and internal law of Iran are expressed.
The findings of this study show that the promotion of the status of environmental treaties to human rights treaties can strengthen the position of these treaties in international law. Also, structural and legal reforms in internal law will lead to the development and promotion of environmental standards in Iran.